million people live in Mumbai - industrialists, film-stars, artists, workers,
teachers and clerks - all living cheek-by-jowl in soaring skyscrapers and
sprawling slums. They come from diverse ethnic backgrounds and speak over a
dozen tongues, adding colour, flavour and texture to the Great Mumbai Melting
Mumbai on the net is a tribute to Mumbai's people, culture history and quirks!
We hope you'll find the site useful and entertaining.
The first war of Independence
in 1857, the East India Company was accused of mismanagement, and Bombay
reverted to the British crown. With the outbreak of the American Civil War in
1861, and the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, exports, specially cotton, from
Bombay became a major part of the colonial economy.
The Great Indian Peninsular Railway facilitated travel within India. This
network of commerce and communication led to an accumulation of wealth. This was
channelled into building an Imperial Bombay by a succession of Governors. Many
of Bombay's famous landmarks, the Flora Fountain and the Victoria Terminus, date
from this time.
The water works, including the Hanging Gardens and the lakes were also built at
this time. The Bombay Municipal Corporation was founded in 1872. However, this
facade of a progressive and well-governed city was belied by the plague
epidemics of the 1890s. This dichotomy between the city's symbols of power and
prosperity and the living conditions of the people who make it so continues even
The construction of Imperial Bombay continued well into the 20th century.
Landmarks from this period are the Gateway of India, the General Post Office,
the Town Hall (now the Asiatic Library) and the Prince of Wales Museum. Bombay
expanded northwards into the first suburbs, before spreading its nightmare
tentacles into the the northern suburbs. The nearly 2000 acres reclaimed by the
Port Trust depressed the property market for a while, but the Backbay
reclamation scandal of the '20s was a testament to the greed for land.